How to write a Cover letter (Free CV Sample Included)

There are different opinions on what a Cover Letter should look like. How long are you supposed to spend on perfecting it? Do recruiters read it? Can you send only your resume and hope that is enough?

First off, a cover letter is a very quick way to introduce yourself to a recruiter and it gives them a taste of you and your capabilities. Over the course of this article, we are going to talk about the things you need to know to tailor your cover letter to the job you are applying for.

When it comes to writing a good cover letter for a job, it is usually the little things matter. Remember, it is the first impressions that count. It is usually a good idea to make sure yours is as perfect as it can possibly be. If your cover letter is not well written, it is just as useful as not applying at all. The fact that your cover letter is your first opportunity to show your communication skill and your proficiency in your field, it is extremely important that you make it as business appropriate as possible.



9 Awesome Sample Cover Letters!

The Perfect Cover Letter Templates to Show Off Your Skills

What you will learn

This article will show you:

  • How to write a cover letter
  • Things to look out for when writing a cover letter
  • Pitfalls to avoid
  • Cover letter format
  • Phrases to avoid
  • Details to avoid
  • Top 8 tips for writing a cover letter
  • Common mistakes job seekers make in writing cover letters


Cover Letter Format

The first most important question to ask yourself is, “How long should my cover letter be?”

In truth, best practice is to restrict your cover letter between 3 – 5 paragraphs and just one page. The content of the cover letter should be informative without being long and tiring. Every single paragraph must address a specific point.

Don’t forget that the recruiter is going to be going through hundreds of cover letters so make yours brief but straight to the point. Make it interesting enough that they would be interested in learning more about you.

Let’s go through the standard cover letter format:

  • Start with your personal contact information. Your future employer would be able to contact you with these details if he/she is interested in hiring you.
  • Add the date and the company’s contact information. Endeavour to separate each section with a space. This improves legibility and helps making the cover letter easy to read.


Below is an awesome Cover Letter Format you can use:

Dear Mr./Mrs. Last name,
Paragraph 1: Since this is your first paragraph, you should make sure it is strong and piques your reader’s interest. Define your purpose for writing. Describe the position you are applying for and mention the position and title of the job you want.

Paragraph 2: This is usually the main body of the cover letter. In this paragraph, you introduce yourself and let your future employer know why you are the best person for the job you are applying for. This is your chance to let them know what you are offering and why your skill and expertise is perfect for the position. Do not forget to launch an extensive research on the company and the position.

Paragraph 3-4: These paragraphs are used to talk about the concerns any prospective employer might have with regards to your ability to do the job. You can also talk about your accomplishments, success stories and more. Feel free to add any information that would give you an edge over other job applicant

Final Paragraph: This is where you wrap up the letter. Ensure that you thank them for considering you for the job and that they should not hesitate to reach out to you if they have any questions or any concerns that were not addressed in the cover letter.



Your Name

Points to note:

  • It is good practice to address your cover letter to a specific person. Since this information isn’t always available, you can address it using “Dear Hiring Manager” or “Dear Recruiter”
  • Never use “To Whom it May Concern” or “Dear Sir/Madam” as they are old fashioned and can be offending to some recruiters
  • It is sometimes possible to leave out the opening salutation and just start with a subject line. This is not advisable though. A good idea would be to make an effort to find out whom to address it to. It gives the letter a much more personal feel and shows your dedication to that job position


Top 8 Tips & Hacks for Writing a Cover Letter for Job Application

  1. Your cover letter should not be longer than a single page. Make sure you keep it clean and concise and avoid the use of flowery words
  2. Make sure the reader of the cover letter knows exactly what you are capable of in terms of your job experience and capability
  3. Do not try to be vague or generic. Ensure that your cover letter is targeted to the job you are applying for. Do your research before applying.
  4. Address your cover letter to the right person. Do your research to find out the name of the recruiter. If you cannot find the person’s name, address it to “Dear Hiring Manager,” or “Dear Recruiter”. Do not use “Dear Sir/Ma”
  5. The easiest way to get your cover letter in the trash is to write a cover letter full of errors. Take time out to go through your letter to avoid spelling and grammar errors.
  6. Pay attention to the words and phrases used in the job postings. Make sure your cover letter echoes those words and phrases but avoid keyword stuffing.
  7. Maintain a professional tone in your cover letter. Introduce yourself and stay away from details that are unrelated to the job. It is also a very bad idea to speak badly of previous employments.
  8. Follow up your cover letter to show dedication. If you do not reach out to the recruiter, you stand a chance of being forgotten.


Common Mistakes Job Seekers Make in Writing Cover Letters.

  1. Proofread: This goes without saying. No matter how many cover letters you have written, you still need to proofread. If you are truly serious about the job you are applying for, you need to go through your letter to make sure you have corrected the grammar and punctuation errors in them.
  2. Do not lie about your past experiences. You are allowed to brag a little provided it is true. When you have to lie about what you can do, you would end up not being able to complete the tasks given to you. This would leave to a very frustrated work experience.
  3. Do not mention your salary requirements yet. That is supposed to be saved for the interview.
  4. Avoid getting personal with your cover letter. Keep it professional. There is absolutely no reason why you should start talking about your family members or things like that.


Download Some Cover Letter Samples here


We believe this article has helped in no small measure to help you understand all it takes to write a cover letter good enough to land you a job. Just to highlight some of the points we went through in the body of this article, to write a good cover letter…

  • Adhere to the format
  • Avoid old fashion salutations
  • Try as much as you can to address your cover letter to a specific person
  • Avoid spelling and grammatical errors
  • Don’t include unnecessary details that are related to the job
  • Spend quality time researching the company you are writing the cover letter to
  • Avoid lies and exaggerated claims as they might come back to haunt you
  • Avoid mentioning salary expectations and financial negotiation
  • Keep it simple and professional

 Are you interested in letting us re-write your CV to match your Cover Letter? Start Now

Has this article helped? Let us know in the comment box below.

Website Comments

  1. orji Godwin

    Pls can u sent me an example of a good cover letter. I studied Business Administration and management. This cover letter honestly is very difficult for me, especially a good convincing one.

    I shall apprecaitate your contribution towards this.


    Godwin Orji

    • Kate

      Please I need an example of a well written cover letter , I studied business Admin. & Mgt. and I want to apply for the position of a receptionist. Thanks .

  2. tuagho

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    People say this kind of cover is too much information
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  3. Henry nwosu

    I nid a very brif cover letter, dat ll B able to stand 4 wat i read in schl & D experience dat i ave guarderd, supervising a fast food front desk & also working wit a credit admin department in a bank.

  4. Hakeem

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    • Busayo Olude

      Hello Oswald,

      Thank you for your comment.

      You are right Oswald. Maybe you should speak to one of our representatives in the career-services department. Please call Ifeyinwa on 07088627236 or send a mail to

      Thank you

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  31. Muhammad

    I was actually impress with the samples of your cover letter. i would like you to send me personal cover letter. I studied computer science.

    • Samod Biobaku

      Hello Ibhade, we have included a free sample for you within the article. Kindly take a look and let us know what your thoughts are on it. We wish you the very best in your career.

  32. Debola Abinuyo

    The sample is already on the site for you guys to check through and download.

    I think there are so many things that are needed to get the job that you want but presenting the right cover letter is the step in the right direction.

    You still have to:
    – Go to the interview and give a good account of yourself.
    – Ask good questions and respond to their questions with confidence.
    – Do proper research so your response shows your knowledge about the company.

    These and many more as detailed on the blog here would definitely help Nigerian youths searching for jobs in 2016

    • Samod Biobaku

      Hello Debola,
      This a really detailed feedback to quite a number of comments we have received on this post. We strongly agree with the points you raised. The more prepared candidates are for interviews, salary negotiation sessions, the stronger their chances of landing their dream jobs. Thank you for the insights you shared Debola. We wish you a progressive career.

  33. Laura

    Composing a great resume cover letter for any work, it is almost always the small points issue. Keep in mind, it’s the very first thoughts which depend. Thanks for sharing this informative post.

    • Samod Biobaku

      Hello Laura,
      Your positive comments mean a lot to us. Thank you reading the article and we do believe we will be able to share more insights with you in the days ahead. Do enjoy the rest of the day.

    • Samod Biobaku

      Hello Okorie,
      Thanks for the comment. We do agree with you that God plays a fundamental role. You would, however, agree with us that there has to be a degree of human effort.
      We are not sure if you are a Muslim or Christian but…
      Thessalonians 3:10 says: “Then, too, while we were with you, we insisted on this to you: that if anyone was not willing to work, neither should he eat!”
      Basically, we must prepare ourselves for opportunities and in this case, ensuring your cover letter is in pristine condition gives you an edge over those whose cover letters are poorly written.
      A variant of the phrase can also be found in the Quran 13:11.
      Thanks again for the comment and we hope to read from you again very soon.

  34. Rudeth Shaughnessy

    Once you finished your cover letter and are moving on to your resume you can use the free resources that are sorted by industry and job title at I am a retired HR professional and personally authored many of these writing guides myself so I can vouch for their quality, if that isn’t too vain to say!

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  36. Christiana

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