How to Write a Professional CV

| 6 min read
How to Write a Professional CV

Writing an interview-landing CV is a hard task for many. How do you write one that stands out from the many CVs human resource managers and recruiters receive when recruiting? An ultimate rule for CV writing is – be different and show your selling-point.

It’s worthy to note there’s is no one right format to write a CV. One rule you should note, however, is that your CV should be able to put you in the spotlight for the role you’re applying for, this will inform the HR manager or recruiters decision to invite you to an interview.

What is a CV?What is a CV

A curriculum vitae popularly known as CV is brief synopsis or account of your educational, professional experience, skills and more typically used for job applications.

There are 2 types of CVs – the educational CV and the experience focused type. The former focuses on educational/professional qualification and academic work and is usually for applicants who have no work experience while the latter focuses on professional experience, skills and achievements.

Listing either educational or professional experience is best done by starting with them from most recent to oldest. It’s Important to always adapt your CV to a job industry and consistently tweak them for advertised job roles.

The CV Writing Format

1. Personal Details

This section consists of your name, address, age (not be compulsory), phone number, email. Put these in a strategic location and in legible fonts so that they can be easily seen by the HR manager or recruiter. Ensure the information provided are current.

Pro Tip: Never use an email that is not yours. Avoid stating your state of origin, religion (except if specified in the job advertorial) and unprofessional email addresses. Examples of this would be or Keep it professional.

2. Work Experience

Start with your most recent job role. For each job role, it’s important to state your role and achievements. An example would be:

Iceberg Communications Limited 2016 – (Present)

Job Title: Marketing Executive

Iceberg Limited is Nigeria’s number one marketplace for electrical home appliances.


  • Individually increased the monthly revenue from N15 million to N25 million in 6 months.
  • Worked with the marketing team to spread our products from Lagos to all the 6 states of the Western Nigeria within a year.
  • Won the ‘Salesman of the Year” award consecutively for November and December 2016.

Pro Tip: Always remember to tweak your job experience in line with what you are applying for. It will increase the employer’s preference for you.

3. Education

study while working

Always start with the most recent educational qualification. Professional certification that is relevant to the job should also be added to this section.

E.g. University of Port Harcourt – 2013

Qualification: B.A. History and International Relations.

  • Excellent diplomatic skills and versed in three foreign languages – French, Portuguese and Chinese
  • Graduated with a first class grade of 4.56 and won the ‘Best Graduating Student’ award.

Pro Tip: If you have a qualification from a tertiary institution, it’s unimportant to include your primary school first leaving certificate unless you’re a fresh graduate with no work experience. This section includes professional certifications, affiliations/membership, training and seminars; they can appear as a sub-section under education.

4. Interests and AbilitiesInterests and Abilities

This section should be kept short and simple. Key things to note here are:

  • Avoid clichés such as “creative” “motivated”, “team player”, “problem solve”, “self-starter.” Instead, be specific about your hobbies – Replace ‘running’ with ‘I jog about 300 km every weekend’. This shows you are disciplined and committed.

Pro Tip: Add interests that align with the prospective employer’s corporate social responsibility.

5. Referencesreferences

The standard number of referees is three, although some organisations request for two. The lesser the pages of a CV, the greater attention it receives. As an employer, you would not want to be bothered by CVs that look like handouts. A 2-page CV is excellent. Therefore, be direct, clear and convincing.

Pro Tip: “Never use a referee that you’re not familiar with and has knowledge of using them as referees,” – Prince Ihemegbulam, Jobberman CV Services Analyst pointed out.

Some Tips How to write a good CV

  1. Use active verbs wherever possible. For example, you could include words like ‘created’, ‘analysed’ and ‘devised’ to present yourself as a person who shows initiative.
  2. There should be no spelling or grammar mistakes in your CV. Use a spell checker and enlist a second pair of eyes to check over it.
  3. Avoid using generic phrases such as ‘team player’, ‘hardworking’ and ‘multitasker’. Instead, provide real-life examples that demonstrate all of these skills.
  4. Take a look at the company’s website, local press and the job advert to make sure that your CV is targeted to the role and employer.
  5. Decide whether the chronological, skills-based or academic CV is right for you. For more information, take a look at example CVs.
  6. Don’t put the term ‘Curriculum Vitae’ at the top of your CV.
  7. Provide a professional-sounding email address.
  8. Never lie or exaggerate on your CV or job application. Not only will you demonstrate your dishonesty to a potential employer, but there can be serious consequences too. For example, altering your degree grade from a 2:2 to a 2:1 is classed as degree fraud and can result in a prison sentence.
  9. If you’re posting your CV online don’t include your home address, as you could be targeted by fraudsters.
  10. You should always include a cover letter unless the employer states otherwise. It will enable you to personalise your application for the job. You can draw attention to a particular part of your CV, disclose a disability or clarify gaps in your work history. Find out how to write a persuasive cover letter.

Things Employers Look Out For

One survey of employers found that the following aspects were most looked for

(From the brilliant 2010 Orange County Resume Survey by Eric Hilden)

45% Previous related work experience
35% Qualifications & skills
25% Easy to read
16% Accomplishments
14% Spelling & grammar
9% Education (these were not just graduate recruiters or this score would be much higher!)
9% Intangibles: individuality/desire to succeed
3% Clear objective
2% Keywords added
1% Contact information
1% Personal experiences
1% Computer skills

So, there is it! Isn’t it time to give your CV another look? Another great way to get yourself an interview-landing CV is to get a CV Rewrite from recruitment professionals.

Princewill Akuma
Princewill is a marketing maven, who is passionate about user-centric marketing. His experience spans Tech service, Recruitment, Media and Entertainment sectors across Nigeria, Kenya, Ghana and Tanzania. He's a career adviser, mentor, hobbyist DJ and a lover of cardio exercise with a personal record of 23.49 km. Let's connect, i'll love to hear from you.


  1. Dear Princewill,
    Thanks the information, it is very relevant.
    In my case, I want to apply for a human resource position but I have no experience in that field as a fresh graduate. Also, I did studied economic education which has little correlation with human resource. Please how do I structure my CV to attract recruiters. Thanks

    • Dear Subair,
      There are aspects of your education that is actually very relevant to Human Resources, hold onto this thought and i a few years you’ll know how. I’ll advise you find Human Resources training to develop other needed skills and find internship opportunities to start a great career ahead of you.
      Go and concur the HR world Subair, best regards.

  2. Dear Princewill,

    Thanks for the information.

    I have a degree in computer science (2006)and major in Database management . I want to apply for a job in database mgt but they request for some certification which i don’t have any professional cert. please advise can I still apply

    • Hi Adeleke,
      If the request for some certification is consistent from different employers it maybe the professional certification is highly important if your field. I’ll advise you earn the certificate but more importantly the skill. However, if you have the skill and not yet the certificate, you’ll to prove this to the employer.

  3. Nice write up ,I really appreciate this.I have a concern actually, at the last paragraph, with the sub heading, some tips on how to write a CV, you said curriculum vitae shouldn’t be writing at the top of the resume.What then should be written,thanks

    • Hello Rossybee, the document is known as a CV and there’s no need writing same. Your name in caps and large fonts but address, email and contact phone number in smaller letter and fonts are best suited for the top section. Best Regards

  4. Great tips Mr. Princewill, Thanks a lot.
    I’m going through a dilemma about choosing a career path, I am a B.Sc in Maths holder, all my experiences have been in the teaching/research field. But I want to move onto another career path… preferably Data Analysis…is there any professional certification for that in Nigeria?

  5. Princewill, I have been schooled extensively by this write-up. Thanks for the education. It will go a long way to improve my CV.

  6. Thanks very much for this article Mr Akuma. Seriously it’s well appreciated. A very good way to start a day. But I’m searching for a job that just requires an SSCE Certificate and does not require too much experience. Do you know anyway I can restructure my cv?

  7. Hello Mr Princewill you are doing a great job, thanks a lot. Please what is the easiest way for me to land a job in international firms or NGO. thanks again.

    • Hi Chinyere,
      Thanks for the kind works, I’m grateful. I would encourage you to identify what area of an international firm or NGO you’re skilled or want to acquire skills, then seek out opportunities and apply for vacancies when they advertise.
      Best regards.

  8. Hello, it’s an insightful one you put up there.
    Meanwhile, as a graduate with no work experience for now, and alsoba graduate with one year NYSC, how can one put up his or her work experience, can one’s project work conducted be his or her work experience, or the position held during NYSC be also an experience to be included in a CV?

    Please help, thank you!

    • Yes Christian, you are absolutely on track. Please add as many projects and volunteer works you can remember. Also, add your NYSC work experience to boost your CV, however, as a fresh graduate, ensure your CV does not exceed two pages. Thanks.

  9. Informative article!
    I have been looking for some tips for writing a good cover letter as i know it is important to have cover letter with resume in an interview. Cover letter grabs the reader’s attention and succinctly describes why you believe that you are the best candidate for a position.Thanks a lot for sharing!

  10. Thanks a lot for this important article as i was searching for this similar kind of information and found out your article which i think is great help for people like us who don’t know how to write a CV before so thanks a lot for this article. Kudos to this article.Going to bookmark this for sure.

  11. I found your advice very important to help me. I have worked as a civil servant for more than 20 yrs now and wants to change to development ( NGO) work. I have MSc in Health Policy, MBA in marketing and Awaiting Result in MSc Agricultural Economics. Am just waisting time not applying any of my knowledge to work.. Please your advice and help is highly welcomed.

    • Hello Don Ebere,
      You’re likely feeling so because of your qualification, experience and level of input at your current place. Take on more roles or you may want to under-study the line you want to make a career change to and plan your exit according. Another idea might be to start your side gig that and build up with your industry knowledge. Kindly send an email for further talk about this.
      Best Regards

  12. I’m a graduate of applied geophysics but i find it so hard to see jobs that relate to my discipline online, most job are about social science , management and tech..I need your advise as to how to go about getting a job out of my discipline because i feel most of my applications are not considered as a result of the fact that I’m not grounded in those fields i apply for , a]same applies to the graduate trainee too.

    • Hello Yomi,

      Thanks for writing in. We understand how frustrating it must be for you to keep trying to find jobs that are directly related to your core specialisation, Applied Geophysics. There are two ways in which you can successfully approach this:
      1. You have a change of career path
      2. You can change the way you search for jobs that are within and around your core specialisation

      If you decide to go for Option 1, you need to do the following:
      -Assess your interests, values and skills: It’s important to focus on your strengths especially those that will be relevant in other fields

      -Consider alternative careers: Brainstorm ideas for career alternatives by researching career options, and discussing your core values and skills with friends, family, and networking contacts.

      -Take courses: Since you studied Geophysics, it’s apparent that your present academic qualification will not fit a lot of other jobs that you might be interested in. To solve this problem, you need to explore opportunities that would bridge your background to the new fields you are interested in. In other words, take courses that are relevant to your new areas of interest. Check here:

      -Upgrade your skillset: There are ways you can position yourself for a career change without having to go back to school. There are also free courses you can take online. You can volunteer for certain positions. You might not be rewarded financially at the moment but, it would help you get the experience you need for getting better jobs in the near future. Simply consider it a learning experience

      -Explore Internship Opportunities: Don’t focus all your attention on full-time jobs. One way to go about this is to search for internship openings that are in line with your skill set. For internship opportunities in Nigeria, check here:

      -Rewrite Your CV: You need to rewrite your CV to highlight your strengths and skills that employers would find relevant. Please bear in mind that before you send your CV in for a particular job, you must understand what the employer needs. This will help you tailor your CV to fit that particular role. This is better done after you have acquired relevant training. If you would like your CV to be re-written by Jobberman’s in-house experts, click here:

      If you decide to opt for Option 2, you need to note the following:
      The biggest commercial roles for geophysicists are in the exploration industries. These include oil/gas or mining. However, near-surface engineering geophysics and archaeological geophysics are also options.

      When searching for jobs, ensure you are searching for the right jobs in the right places. Try typing in your specialisation into the spaces for ‘keywords.’ For instance, this job was posted on the Jobberman website last week:

      We hope this helps and we wish you the best of luck in your career.

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